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1st Intern. Symposium on Sunflower & Other Oilseed Crops in Developing Countries, Maputo, Mozambique, 9-12 02 1999

Index

Opening Speech by Pr. Brazao Mazula, Honorable Rector of the Eduardo Mondlane University .....                                                           11
Speech by Dr. Agostinho do Rosario, the Honorable Minister of Agriculture and Fïsheries of Mozambique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . 17
Speech by Dr. Felicity Vear, President of the ISA . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Speech by André Pouzet, General Secretary of the ISA . . . . . . . . . 23
Closing Speech by Pr. Brazao Mazula, Honorable Rector of Eduardo MondlaneUniversity...............................24

List of participants . . . . . . . . . . . . .....................................27

Session: Agronomy, Physiology and Crop Protection

Papers selected by the Scientific Committee in Mozambique
Effect of planting date, plant growth stage and environmental factors on some sunflower diseases progress in Mozambique
A. Zazzerini, L. Tosi, T. Naran,, P. Vicente. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Effect of sowing times on oil quality in sunflower variaties grown in Mozambique
M. Baidini, S. T. Enferadi, GP Vanozzi, A. M. Olivieri. . . . . . . . .45
Germination, emergence and growth of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in response to osmotic seed priming
S. S. Mwale, C. Hamusimbi, K Mwansa, A Mutiti. . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Germination of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seed in relation to the harvesting time and storage conditions
M. Baldini, H. Magaia, A. M. Olivieri . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Effect of sowing dates in four varieties of sunflower
C. Honwana, G. Mlaye, M. Matsinhe........................... 73
Research on sunflower and sesame in Nampula, Mozambique
A. J. H. Rulkens, J. D. Lameiras, J. Simao. . . . . . . . .. . 79
Sunflower yields of varieties and hybrids tested in different areas of Mozambique
O. Davolio Marani, S. Bodke, A. Estevao. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Posters selected by the Scientific Committee in Mozambique

Sunflower in Nampula Province, Mozambique : general observations and results of multilocational variety trials.
A, J. H. Rulkens, J. D. Lameiras, J. Simao . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
UEMI and UEM2 : two new open-pollinated varieties adapted to Mozambique
A.M. Olivieri, C. Honwana, G.P. Vannozzi, M. Baldini, O.Davolio . . .104
Utilizing legume cover crops to reduce nitrogen fertilizer requirements for sunflower
B. Lo Cascio, E. Campiglia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Papers selected by the Scientific Committee in France

Effect of irrigation and nitrogenous fertilizers on yield and some traits of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)
Enver Esendal, N. Kalimov. . ........................ 114
Effect of tillage and plant density on establishment and productivity of sunflower in rice fallows under two soi1 types
B. N. Reddy, S. N. Sudhakara Babu........................120
Increasing cotton oil production in developing countries. Prospects from new technical practices in cotton growing
M. Fok AC., L. Séguy, D. Rollin.....................127
Present status and prospects of sunflower development in India
K. Giriraj.....................143
Response of confectionary groundnut cultivars to application of gypsum in India
R. C. Samui, B. Choudhury...................152
Sesame-based intercropping in alfisols under rainfed conditions of SAT region
C. V. Raghavaiah, G. Pratibha, B. N. Reddy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Effect of different calcium levels on yield, yield components and quality characters in soybean in acidic soils
E. Esendal, C. Çyrak. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Performance of different varieties of rapeseed-mustard in West Bengal, India
R. C. Samui, B. Choudhury, Md Zahid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169

Session: Genetics, Plant Breeding, Botany & Seed Production

Papers selected by the Scientific Committee in Mozambique

Evaluation of wild Helianthus populations – A preliminary study in Mozambique
M. T. Faria, M. Maniate..................................174
New traits observed in sunflower grown in un-usual environmental conditions
by A. M. Olivieri.........................180
Performance of three new inbred lines for sunflower hybrid constitution
M. Turi, M. Baldini, G.P. Vannozzi, A. M. Olivieri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Recovery of Helianthus annuus characteristics after few generations from
interspecifïc crosses
A. M. Olivieri, A. J. H. RuIkens, M. Vischi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 192
Seed and oil characteristics in plants selected from a (Helianthus annuus x H. argophyllus) x H. annuus hybrid
A. J. H. Rulkens, A. M. Olivieri). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Selection of segregant lines of sunflower from varieties and hybrids freely crossed during few generations
A. M. Olivieri, H. E. Magaia, M. Baldini. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 203
Response to selection for oil content in a sunflower population
M. Baldini, C. Honwana, A. M. Olivieri . . . . . . . . . . . . 208
Xeric characteristicis of Helianthus argophyllus in comparison to Helianthus annuus
M. R. Cagiotti, F. Ferranti, A. M. Olivieri, A. Ranfa. . . . . . . . . . . 212

Posters selected by the Scientific Committee in Mozambique

AFLP markers for the identification of wild and cultivated sunflower
G. Quagliaro, M. Vischi, S. Amici, A. M. Olivieri. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
Cis-and trans-4,6-dihydroxymelleins: new phytotoxins of Phomopsis helianthi
G. Avantaggiato, M. Solfrizzo, L. Tosi, A. Zazzerini, A. Visconti....... 228
Helianthus argophyllus and H. debilis: two wild texas sunflower species present in Mozambique
A. M. Olivieri, H. E. Magaia, M. E. Cagiotti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232

Papers selected by the Scientific Committee in France

Breeding for drought resistance. Possibilities and prospectives
G. P. Vannozzi and M. Baldini............................... 240
Characteristics of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) varieties grown in Kenya
W. M. Thagana, S. W. K. Nderitu, T. C. Riungu). . . . . . . . . . . . 263
Correlated selection response in seed yield on seed quality parameters
R. K. Sheoran . . . . ...................... 269
Heterosis and inbreeding depression in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)
S. S. Sindagi......................................................... 273
Quality of some Indian sunflower genotypes and their utilization in snack foods
B. Praveena, C.V.S. Srinivas, G. Nagaraj. . . . . . . . . 277
Seed storage globulins as biochemical markers in sunflower cultivars
M. Durante, R. Bernardi, F. Cecconi . . . . . ...... 283
The groundnut germplasm project. An improved basic seed production and distribution system for West and Central Africa
A.H. Mayeux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................ 288

Session: Physical, chemical, industrial and economical aspects of oilseed crops
Papers selected by the Scientific Committee in Mozambique 


Caracteristicas fisico-quimicas de sementes de mafurreira (Trichilia Emetica Vahl) de alguns bairros da cidade de Maputo/ Physical-chemical characteristics of mafurreira (Trichilia emetica Vahl) seeds of trees in some suburban neighbourhoods in Maputo City
F. Nudanisse, A. Rulkens, C. M. Ribeiro, V. Skrypets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294
Qualidade do oleo de girassol, influencia de aquecimento e oxidacao/ Quality of sunflower oil
V. Skrym, S. Thamasebi Enferadi, A. M. Olivieri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Ressonancia magnética nuclear e selecçao nao destrutiva de sementes oleaginosas
A. Maphossa . . . . . . . . . . ................................... 309
The economic comparative advantage of sunflower production in Mozambique
F. G. Mucavele . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 316

Posters selected by the Scientific Committee in Mozambique

Estudo dos bagaços resultantes da extracçao do oleo de mafùrra
V. Skrypets, V. Sevastyanov, R. Bragança. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324
Obtençao dos acides erucico e brassidico a partir do oleo de colza
V. Skrypets,V. Sevastyanov.........................329

Papers selected by the Scientific Committee in France

Extracting low ester pectin from sunflower disc
Z. Huizhi, C Huimin, Z. Yongguang) . . . . . . . . . . . . 334

Round Table I
Limiting factors for the development of oilseed crops in Developing Countries (Synthesis). . . .. . . 338
World Vision efforts in germoplasm maintenance of oilseed crops and technology transfer in oil processing in Mozambique
D. K. Kiala, E. Schmidt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .339

Round Table II
Industrial transformation of the oil seed crops in Developing Countries 
(Synthesis) . . . . .. . 348
Micro-oil enterprises in Nampula Province: their contribution to revive the forgotten sunflower subsector
0. van Renterghem. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350

Round Table III
The choice of varietal types for oil seed crops in Developing Countries 
(Synthesis) . . . ......363
Choice of varietal types for oilseed crops in developing countries
K. V. Cunliffe.....................364