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16th ISC, Fargo, North Dakota, USA, 2004 Vol.1

Sponsored by The International Sunflower Association, Paris, FranceIn cooperation with The National Sunflower Association, Bismarck, North Dakota, USA
Foreword

Volume I * Table of Contents
PLENARY

Progress in the genetic modification of sunflower oil quality

José M. Fernández-Martínez, Leonardo Velasco, Begoña Pérez-Vich .  . . .1 
Breeding for durable resistance to the main diseases of sunflower
Felicity Vear . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Advances in the physiology of the sunflower crop: A ten-year progress report
A. J. Hall . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 
Exploration for wild Helianthus species in North America : Challenges and opportunities in the search for global treasures
Gerald J. Seiler, Tom J. Gulya . . . . . . . 43
World outlook and future development of sunflower markets around the world
Larry W. Kleingartner . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .69

DISEASE RESISTANCE AND PATHOLOGY

Pathological changes in sunflower infected by Fusarium species of different pathogenicity
T. S. Antonova, N. M. Araslanova, S. L. Saukova, Yu V. Klippert, N. I. Bochkaryov . .79 
Hybrid sunflower breeding for resistance to Fusarium
Sergei V. Goncharov, Svetlana L. Saukova, Tatyana S. Antonova ...85
Investigations of the induced resistance to Plasmopara halstedii
Rita Bán, Ferenc Virányi, Sándor Nagy, Katalin Körösi . . . . . . .. . . .89
Isoenzyme analysis: A tool for characterizing subpopulations of Plasmopara halstedii
Hedvig Komjáti, József Bakonyi, Ferenc Virányi . . . . .93 
Improving the sunflower downy mildew resistance test
Valérie Molinero-Demilly, Michel Guénard, Christine Giroult, Olivier Herbert, Denis Tourvieille de Labrouhe, Jacqueline Philippon, Annette Penaud,Marie Claire Tardin, Geneviève Argeles, Mathilde Costes, Antoine Mezzarobba, Pascal Masse, Isabelle Pauchet, Vincent Cellier, Sylvain Grégoire . . . . .  . . . .99
Partial, non-race-specific resistance to downy mildew in cultivated sunflower lines
Denis Tourvieille de Labrouhe, Frédéric Serre, Pascal Walser, Jacqueline Philippon, Félicity Vear, Marie Claire Tardin, Thierry André, Pierre Castellanet, Sébastien Chatre, Mathilde Costes, Philippe Jouve, Jean-Luc Madeuf, Antoine Mezzarobba, Joël Plegades, Isabelle Pauchet, Emmanuelle Mestries, Annette Penaud, Xavier Pinochet, Hervé Serieys, Yves Griveau . . . . . . . . .105
Sunflower downy mildew resistance gene pyramiding, alternation and mixture : first results comparing the effects of different varietal structures on changes in the pathogen
Denis Tourvieille de Labrouhe, Pascal Walser, Emmanuelle Mestries, Laurent Gillot, Annette Penaud, Marie-Claire Tardin, Isabelle Pauchet . . . . . . . . . .111
Effect of sunflower crop management on stem canker (Diaporthe helianthi) attacks for susceptible and tolerant genotypes
Philippe Debaeke, Simon Berault . . . . . . .. . . . .117 
Role of aerial infection in sunflower Phomopsis (Phomopsis [Diaporthe] helianthi) epiphytology
V. I. Terekhov, I. I. Begunov, A. G. Begunova . . . . . . . . . . . . .125 
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum capitulum resistance tests using ascospores : Results over the period 1991-2003
Frédéric Serre, Pascal Walser, Denis Tourvieille de Labrouhe, Felicity Vear . .129 
Reaction of sunflower lines to a series of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum isolates
Felicity Vear, David Willefert, Pascal Walser, Frederic Serre, Denis Tourvieille de Labrouhe . . . . . .. . .135
Screening sunflower for Sclerotinia head rot
Bob Henson, Tom Gulya . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .141
Inheritance of resistance to Alternaria blight in sunflower restorer lines
G. A. Kong, J. H. M. Mitchell, J. K. Kochman . .. . . . . . . . .147 
Management of Alternaria leaf blight of sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
S. S. Adiver . . . . . . . . .  . . .155
Large-scale occurrence of Rhizopus head rot on sunflower as a consequence of cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) attack in the Vojvodina province in 2003
Stevan Masirevic, Radosav Sekulic, Stevan Jasnic .. . . . . .159 
Virulence and aggressiveness of sunflower broomrape (Orobanche cumana) populations overcoming the Or5 gene
M. Leire Molinero-Ruiz, José M. Melero-Vara . .. . . . . . . .165 
Parasite-host plant interaction of Orobanche cumana (Orobanche cernua) with Helianthus annuus
Maria Joita-Pãcureanu, Christophe Veronesi, Steluta Raranciuc, Danil Stanciu . . . . .171 
Comparison of the pathogenicity of Verticillium dahliae isolates from Argentina and the USA
M. T. Galella, M. E. Bazzalo, Alberto León  . . . . . . . . .177

BIOLOGICAL & CHEMICAL CONTROL OF DISEASES

Use of sunflower cultivars with resistance to imidazolinone herbicides to control broomrape (Orobanche cumana) infection
Juan Dominguez, Juan Alvarado, Jose Luis Espinosa, Manuel Falcon, Alfredo Mateos, Francisco Navarro . . . . . . . . . . .181
Shikimate dehydrogenase activity as an indicator of the sunflower plant resistance to basal stalk rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum)
Sattar Tahmasebi Enferadi, Gianpaolo Vannozzi, Zohreh Rabiei, Ahmad Ali Attary . .187 
Expression of a sunflower CC-NBS-LRR RGA and defense-related genes during an incompatible interaction with Plasmopara halstedii
Osman Radwan, Said Mouzeyar, Jean-Stéphane Venisse, Paul Nicolas, Mohamed-Fouad Bouzidi . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195

CROP PRODUCTION—Management

Effect of tillage on crop establishment, yield, and water use of sunflower in rainfed conditions of Meknès (Morocco) /[Impact du travail du sol sur l’installation de la culture, la productivité et l’utilisation de l’eau chez le tournesol en conditions pluviales de la région de Meknès (Maroc)]
Abdellah Aboudrare, Ahmed Bouaziz, Philippe Debaeke, Hassan Chekli . . . .201 
An analysis of the economical effects of crop management modifications in order to improve the sunflower oilseed content at the scale of a primary elevator supplying area
Luc Champolivier, Sophie Kichey, Raymond Reau, Marianne Le Bail  . . . . . .207 
Desiccation of stay-green and conventional sunflower
Burton L. Johnson, Timothy D. Larson, Robert A. Henson . . . . . . .213 
Effect of time of desiccation on some quality parameters of sunflower seed
Vladimir Miklic, Jovan Crnobarac, Nenad Dusanic, Jovan Joksimovic...219
Intraspecific variability of sunflower responses to crop density
Mónica López Pereira, Francisco Salvatelli, Nora Trápani, Antonio Hall . .225 Regional observatories for the diagnosis of sunflower crop management
Lionel Quéré, Raymond Reau, Luc Champolivier, Florent Dupeuble, André Estragnat, Pascal Fauvin, Richard Ségura, Monique Bayrounat ....... .231 
Production characters and industrial quality of sunflower from the Buenos Aires Region (Argentina) / [Caracteres productivos y de calidad industrial en la region girasolera bonaerense]Julio Gonzalez, Nora Mancuso, Catalina Amándola, Pedro Ludueña . . . . . . . . . . . . . .235 
Studies on sunflower-tomato intercropping
M. M. Kestha, M. G. El-Baz . . . . . . . . . . . . .243

CROP PRODUCTION—Physiology

Drought effects on growth stages and yield components of sunflower hybrids
Elena Andrei . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .251 
Influence of drought and hailstorm on the yield and yield components of sunflower
Miroslav Krizmanic, Ivica Liovic, Anto Mijic, Marijan Bilandzic . . .. .257 
Osmotic adjustment, its effects on yield maintenance under drought in sunflower
Claudio Chimenti, Jorgelina Giuliano, Antonio Hall . . . . . .  . . . .261 
Crop physiological determinants of yield in old and modern sunflower hybrids
Philippe Debaeke, Anne-Marie Triboi, Felicity Vear, Jérémie Lecoeur . . . . . .267 
Experimentally increased source-sink ratio : a method to screen yield potential in sunflower
Eckhard Grimm, Merianne Alkio, Wulf Diepenbrock . . . . . . . . . . . .275 
Short duration waterlogging events during grain filling in sunflower : Effects on yield and its components
Nora Trápani, Mónica López Pereira, Guillermo V. Indaco, Antonio J. Hall. . . .281 
Simulation of air temperature inside the sunflower canopy by the land-air parameterization scheme
Dragutin T. Mihailovic, Branislava Lalic, I. Arsenic . . . . . . . . . . . . . .287 
Effects of high alternating day/night temperatures on grain growth and quality
Déborah Rondanini, Anita Mantese, Roxana Savin, Antonio Hall . . . . . . . . .293 
Determination of grain weight and oil concentration of sunflower fruits at different capitulum positions
Ricardo A. Ruiz, Gustavo A. Maddonni . . . . . . .. . . . .301 
Phasic development and phyllochron responses to extended photoperiods and sowing date
Rafael Mac Donough, María Celeste Balbi, Antonio Juan Hall . . . . . . .309 
Responses of sunflower to stand structure and crop population density: Effects on leaf area and yield
Mónica López Pereira, Nora Trápani, Gervasio Piñeiro, Antonio J. Hall .. . . . .315 
Carbon isotope discrimination in sunflower correlates with transpiration efficiency and improved performance in dry environments
Chris Lambrides, Scott Chapman, Ray Shorter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .323 
Development of cuticle and epicuticular waxes in the pericarp of the sunflower (Helianthus annuus) fruits
L.F. Hernández. C. N. Pellegrini, M. C. Franchini . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329 
Morphology and distribution of incompletely developed fruits in sunflower (Helianthus annuus) capitula
L. I. Lindström, M. E. García, L. F. Hernández . . . . .. . . . . . . . .333 

CROP PRODUCTION—Fertilizer

Graminicides and boron compatibility for volunteer corn control and mineral nutrition in sunflower
Alexandre M. Brighenti, Cesar de Castro . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .339 
Interaction of boron supplied by soil with foliar sprays in sunflower
Cesar de Castro, Alexandre M. Brighenti, Regina M. V. B. C. Leite, Fábio A. de Oliveira . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .343
Impact of proline on physiological parameters under sodicity in sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
A. Gopalan, D. Sassi Kumar . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . .347 
Assessment of the suitability of some sunflower inbreds in sodic tracts in India
D. Sassi Kumar, A. Gopalan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .355 
Productivity of hybrid sunflower as influenced by irrigation, nitrogen and sulphur fertilization during the summer season
N. M. Hittinahalli, Lokanath H. Malligawad, K. Giriraj .  . . . . . . . . . .363 
The effect of fertilizers on yield and seed quality in CMS sunflower lines
Jovan .Z. Crnobarac, Nedeljko M. Poljak, Nenad Z. Dusanic, Branko J. Marinkovic ...... .371 
Studies on the effect of ratios and levels of NPK fertilizer nutrients on the productivity of hybrid sunflower under rainfed farming situations
Lokanath H. Malligawad, K. G. Parameshwarappa, K. Giriraj . . . . . . . .377 
Heliotest: A decision support system for sunflower nitrogen fertilization
 Raymond Reau, Luc Champolivier, Gilles Sauzet, Richard Ségura, Dominique Wagner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .387

CROP PRODUCTION—Birds

Effects of aerial lines on red-winged blackbird nesting success
William H. Clark, George M. Linz, William J. Bleier . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .393 
Influences of land use patterns on blackbird abundance in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota
Greg M. Forcey, George M. Linz, William J. Bleier . . .. . . . . . . . . . .399 
Avian use of harvested crop fields during spring migration through North Dakota
Alegra M. Galle, George M. Linz, William J. Bleier . . . . . . . . . . . . .405 
Management of cattail (Typha spp.) stands with glyphosate to disperse blackbirds
George M. Linz, H. Jeffrey Homan, Ryan L. Wimberly, Philip Mastrangelo, William J. Bleier . . . . . . . . . . . . .411 
Quantification of cattail (Typha spp.) in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota in relation to blackbird damage to sunflower
Scott T. Ralston, George M. Linz, William J. Bleier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .417
Avian use of roadside habitat in the Southern Drift Plains of North Dakota and implications for cattail (Typha spp.) management
Bryan D. Safratowich, George M. Linz, William J. Bleier . . . . . . . . . . . .423

CROP PRODUCTION—Weeds

Efficiency of postemergence imidazolinone herbicides for control of resistant weeds (Xanthium and Cirsium) in a sunflower crop with “IR” and “IT” hybrids
Alexandrina Popescu, Cornelia Ciobanu, Nicolae Vilau, Vasile Barlea, Marian Buzoianu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .429 
Advances in sunflower weed control in the USA
Richard K. Zollinger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .435